Japanese Grammar Bank


Today we are going to teach you how to make comparisons in Japanese with the help of some important comparison particles.

We’ve already mentioned particles in the past and they are a key component of the Japanese language and how sentences are built.


We are often trying to determine what the “best” thing is.

  • Where’s the best place to go?
  • Which one is the cheapest?
  • Is this one more expensive than that one?
  • Is this one better than that one? And so on.

Here’s how we express these ideas in Japanese, and let’s start with A is more B (than something else).


A (noun) + のほうが + B


A (い adjective) + ほうが + B


A (な adjective ) + なほうが + B

In this example, what A is being compared to has likely already been stated. B can be any adjective, or an adverb and verb phrase.

このレストランのほうが高いkono reustoran no hou ga takaiThis restaurant is more expensive
安いほうがいいyasui hou ga iiCheap is better/the cheap one is better
静かなほうが好きshizukana hou ga sukiI prefer the quiet


We can also state what we are comparing in the sentence, using より (yori).

より is attached to the end of the word, meaning “more than”.

It is affixed to what we want to compare something to (not to the main subject we want to speak about).


A + は + B + より楽しい

A is what we want to talk about and it is what we are describing as 楽しい.

We can see this if we break the sentence down into parts and remove the より portion:

A は B より 楽しい
→ A は 楽しい
(A is fun)

It is as if inside this sentence, we are saying, X is fun. How fun? More than Y.

Typically with より, we want to use a verb in the affirmative, as opposed to a negative.

If something is not as big as something else, we will say:

A は より小さい
is smaller than B

Rather than:

A は B より大きくない
is less big than B

“AS…AS…” WITH ほど

To make these comparisons sound more natural, we can use ほど (hodo).

ほど indicates a degree, or extent, and translates to “as ~ as”.

Let’s write again the latest sentence example using ほど:


A + は + B + ほど大きくな い

A is not as big as B

ほど is also useful when constructing sentences to convey that something is equal to something else.

A は山ほどあるA wa yama hodo aruThere is as much X as a mountain
(there is a ton of A)
バラほど赤いbara hodo akaiAs red as a rose


同じくらい (onajikurai) expresses that something is the same as, or similar to something else.


A + は + B + と同じくらい + C

A is as C as B

C can be an adjective or an adverb and adjective phrase.

彼は私と同じくらい 速く泳げるkare wa watashi to onajikurai hayaku oyogeruHe can swim as fast as I can


Superlative comparisons are created by placing 一番 (ichiban), meaning “number one” before the adjective.

With this form we can compare something to a whole group. We can say something is the most ~, or the ~est.


A + は + B + の中で一番 + C

A is the most B out of all of C

そのビルこの都市の中で一番高いsono biru wa kono toshi no naka de ichiban takaiThat building is the tallest in this city

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What are the Japanese comparison particles?

Some basic Japanese comparison particles are:

– ほう and より to compare two objects

– ほど to express “as…as”

– 同じくらい for similarities

– Superlatives With 一番

Any other Japanese particle I should know?

Japanese has several important particles to learn about:

– The object particle を

– The subject particle が

– The possessive particle の

– Locations particles で, に, and へ

You’ll see more as you move forward in your language learning.

What is the Japanese sentence structure?

The most basic structure of the Japanese language is:

Subject + は + Object + です.

Check out all of them in our Sentence Structures lesson.

Can I learn Japanese online?

Yes you can!

You can study with us 24/7 on our online platform Flexi Classes by choosing what and when to study.

If you prefer a more traditional approach to learning you can study with one of certified teacher in individual classes and stick to a schedule decided beforehand.

Can I study in Japan with LTL?

Yes you can!

We now offer in person classes in Tokyo, Japan.

You can study in group or in 1-on-1 classes with your teacher, and even have the opportunity to live with a Japanese homestay family for more immersion in the culture.

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Where can I find other lessons for free?

You can have a look into our Japanese Grammar Bank.

All lessons there are free to visit and bookmark.

We regularly update it with more lessons so make sure to come back from time to time.